Her rheumatologist instructed her to undergo a baseline ocular examination prior to initiating Plaquenil (hydroxychloroquine, Sanofi-Aventis) therapy. Toxic maculopathy associated with chloroquine use was first documented in the literature five decades ago.1 In the United States, Plaquenil––an analog to chloroquine––is used to treat a variety of conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and several distinct inflammatory disorders. Although the incidence of macular toxicity is infrequent with Plaquenil use (at a dosage of 200mg or 400mg q.d.), its visual impact can be devastating. Hydroxychloroquine lower white blood cells Does plaquenil reduce inflammation Plaquenil and rheumatoid arthritis Plaquenil weight loss reddit Patients taking hydroxychloroquine can demonstrate a toxic reaction in the retina despite the absence of known risk factors. Screening, including Humphrey 10-2 visual field assessment, is recommended 2 years after the initial baseline and yearly thereafter. Chloroquine retinopathy, is a form of toxic retinopathy damage of the retina caused by the drugs chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine, which are sometimes used in the treatment of autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. This eye toxicity limits long-term use of the drugs. Sep 13, 2019 Note This document contains side effect information about hydroxychloroquine. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Plaquenil. For the Consumer. Applies to hydroxychloroquine oral tablet. Along with its needed effects, hydroxychloroquine the active ingredient contained in Plaquenil may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention. Initially, central visual acuity may be unaffected, but the patient may notice related paracentral scotomas that often interfere with reading. The associated classic retinal toxicity is described as a bull’s eye maculopathy (ring of depigmented retinal pigment epithelium that spares the foveal area). Visual defects hydroxychloroquine Hydroxychloroquine toxicity - EyeWiki, Chloroquine retinopathy - Wikipedia Hydroxychloroquine and myasthenia gravisHydroxychloroquine mechanism rheumatoid arthritisPlaquenil with steroid Nov 18, 2011 Although visual field defects in HCQ toxicity can be highly variable in terms of the depth of defect, all our patients showed a similar pattern on 10-2 white, with the same areas affected. However, one needs to look carefully for subtle decreases in threshold in the area at risk 2–6 degrees from center. Humphrey visual field findings in hydroxychloroquine toxicity. Plaquenil Side Effects Common, Severe, Long Term -. Humphrey visual field findings in hydroxychloroquine toxicity.. Sep 13, 2019 Applies to hydroxychloroquine oral tablet. Along with its needed effects, hydroxychloroquine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention. Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking hydroxychloroquine Patients with persistent and significant visual field defects consistent with hydroxychloroquine retinopathy, but without evidence of structural defects on SD-OCT or FAF may be considered for multifocal electronicretinography. Despite cessation of hydroxychloroquine, one-year follow-up revealed a mild worsening visual acuity to 20/30 OD and 20/25 OS, with new abnormalities on Amsler grid and deficits on color vision testing.