Malaria: Treatment of uncomplicated malaria caused by susceptible strains of Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium ovale, and Plasmodium falciparum; prophylaxis of malaria in geographic areas where chloroquine resistance is not reported. Limitations of use: Hydroxychloroquine is not effective against chloroquine- or hydroxychloroquine-resistant malaria strains of Plasmodium species; not recommended for treatment of complicated malaria, malaria prophylaxis in regions with chloroquine resistance, or treatment when the Plasmodium species has not been identified; hydroxychloroquine does not prevent relapses of P. ovale infections because it is not effective against the hypnozoite forms of these parasites. Where to order plaquenil Moa of chloroquine in malaria Apr 02, 2019 The dosage of chloroquine phosphate is often expressed in terms of equivalent chloroquine base. Each 500 mg tablet of ARALEN contains the equivalent of 300 mg chloroquine base. In infants and children the dosage is preferably calculated by body weight. In the US, Chloroquine chloroquine systemic is a member of the following drug classes amebicides, antimalarial quinolines and is used to treat Amebiasis, Malaria, Malaria Prevention and Sarcoidosis. Chloroquine phosphate is in a class of drugs called antimalarials and amebicides. It is used to prevent and treat malaria. It is also used to treat amebiasis. This medication is sometimes prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information. Data from case reports and retrospective and open-label studies support the use of hydroxychloroquine in the treatment of cutaneous manifestations of dermatomyositis . Rheumatoid arthritis: Treatment of acute and chronic rheumatoid arthritis in adults. Chloroquine classification Chloroquine C18H26ClN3 - PubChem, Chloroquine - Plaquenil side effects weight lossPlaquenil causing dry mouthGeneric plaquenil manufacturersPlaquenil chronic fatigue syndrome Chloroquine. Chloroquine is the prototype anti malarial drug, most widely used to treat all types of malarial infections. It is also the cheapest, time tested and safe anti malarial agent. Mechanism of action The mechanism of action of chloroquine is unclear. Being alkaline, the drug reaches high concentration within the food vacuoles of the. Antimalarial Drugs – Malaria Site. Chloroquine MedlinePlus Drug Information. SAFETY DATA SHEET Page 1 of 6 Chloroquine phosphate Revision. Chloroquine’s spectrum of activity includes the asexual erythrocytic forms of Plasmodium malariae, P.ovale, P. vivax, many strains of P. falciparum, and Entamoeba histolytica. Pharmacokinetics Absorption Absorbed readily and almost completely. Distribution 55% bound to plasma proteins. Concentrated in erythrocytes, liver, spleen, kidneys. Chloroquine is the most widely used drug against malaria, except for those cases caused by chloroquine resistant Plasmodium falciparum. Although the mechanism of action is not fully understood, chloroquine is shown to inhibit the parasitic enzyme heme polymerase that converts the toxic heme into non-toxic hemazoin, thereby resulting in the accumulation of toxic heme within the parasite. Chloroquine diphosphate is a white, bitter, crystalline powder. Chloroquine sulfate is a white, odorless, bitter, crystalline powder. Hydroxychloride chloroquine is a colorless liquid. Uses Indications Malaria Chloroquine is the drug of choice for the prophylaxis and treatment of malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax. P. ovale, P. malariae and sensitive P. falciparum.