It's used to treat and prevent malaria infection, and to reduce symptoms and progression of autoimmune diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and others. Malaria is spread by mosquitoes, which transmit the parasites that cause the infection, usually in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Treatment for chloroquine itching Hydroxychloroquine with or without food Chloroquine phosphate molecular weight Our Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine Side Effects Drug Center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication. This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. Long-term studies in animals have not been conducted to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of PLAQUENIL. The mutagenic potential of hydroxychloroquine was not evaluated. However, chloroquine has been shown to be a catalytic inhibitor of DNA repair enzymes topoisomerase II and to produce weak genotoxic effects through this mode of action. Along with its needed effects, hydroxychloroquine the active ingredient contained in Plaquenil may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention. Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking hydroxychloroquine For example, it may be combined with an antibiotic to treat chronic Q-fever, which humans usually catch from farm animals or raw milk. Plaquenil is used to treat other types of infections too. Long term side effects of plaquenil Plaquenil Uses, Dosage & Side Effects -, Plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine Uses, Dosage, Side Effects. Plaquenil side effects dizzinessChloroquine high creatininePlaquenil use with retinopathyLiquid plaquenil Three anti-malarial drugs are prescribed for lupus symptoms. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil is the most commonly prescribed because it is generally believed to cause fewer side effects; chloroquine Aralen has a reputation for more serious side effects, but it may be prescribed in situations where hydroxychloroquine cannot be used. Treating Lupus with Anti-Malarial Drugs Johns Hopkins Lupus.. Plaquenil Side Effects Common, Severe, Long Term -. Rx Side Effects New Plaquenil Guidelines and More - American.. Serious Side Effects of Plaquenil. If you are taking Plaquenil long-term, such as for an autoimmune condition, your doctor should regularly check you for potential serious side effects. In this review, we analyze Plaquenil side effects by the time on the drug, gender and age of the people who have side effects while taking Plaquenil. The review is based on 57,733 people who have side effects while taking the drug from Food and Drug Administration FDA. The information that eHealthMe analyzes includes Plaquenil can cause serious side effects when used in high doses for chronic diseases such as RA over the long term. The New Zealand Dermatological Society recommends that to decrease the risk of retina damage, no more than 200mg of Plaquenil should be taken a day, and a dose of 400mg per day should be taken no longer than a few weeks.