Chloroquine is now uncommonly used in favor of its derivative hydroxychloroquine. In the United States, hydroxychloroquine is most often used for its anti-inflammatory effects in rheumatology and dermatology. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate drug class Hydroxychloroquine testing Hydroxychloroquine sulfate tab 200 mg Abstract. Background The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommendations on screening for chloroquine CQ and hydroxychloroquine HCQ retinopathy are revised in light of new information about the prevalence of toxicity, risk factors, fundus distribution, and effectiveness of screening tools. Pattern of Retinopathy Although the locus of toxic damage is parafoveal in many eyes, Asian. Dr. Corte provides a quick reference guide based on the AAO's updated screening guidelines for chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil retinopathy. As optometrists, it is important that we are aware of the possible ocular complications that can occur from the use of high risk medications. Diagnosis Hydroxychloroquine-induced retinal toxicity Discussion. Chloroquine CQ and hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil HCQ have been used for many years, initially for the treatment of malaria but now more commonly for the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus 1. While early toxicity may be asymtomatic, patients with more advanced stage of toxicity may complain of color vision changes or paracentral scotomas. Its toxic effects on the retina are seen in the macula. Screening criteria for ocular toxicity of plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine toxicity - EyeWiki, Quick Reference Screening for Chloroquine. Plaquenil corneal toxicityPlaquenil guidelines for eye monitoring 2016Plaquenil side effects skin Note This document contains side effect information about hydroxychloroquine. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Plaquenil. For the Consumer. Applies to hydroxychloroquine oral tablet. Along with its needed effects, hydroxychloroquine the active ingredient contained in Plaquenil may cause some unwanted effects. Plaquenil Side Effects Common, Severe, Long Term -. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil Toxicity and Recommendations.. Multimodal Imaging in Plaquenil Toxicity. Plaquenil Toxicity Screening Plaquenil Toxicity Screening Plaquenil Toxicity Screening Hydroxychloroquine Sulphate Plaquenil medication has been effectively used for many years for a variety of infectious and autoimmune conditions, including rheumatoid Arthritis RA and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus SLE. On rare occasion, and usually after many years, Plaquenil can damage the central. Diagnosis Hydroxychloroquine-induced retinal toxicity Discussion. Chloroquine CQ and hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil HCQ have been used for many years, initially for the treatment of malaria but now more commonly for the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus 1is now considered for new disease applications in diabetes, heart disease and adjunct. Unfortunately, cessation of Plaquenil intake may not be a remedy since not infrequently, patients will develop objective evidence of progression despite discontinuation of the drug. Thus, the possibility of toxicity should not be disregarded and close monitoring of the ocular findings is required.